First 12 months of Baby Development:
First 12 months of Baby Development:
Spend time with your baby, up close. Why? She sees best now when things are only 8 to 15 inches away. As her eyes are developing she’ll love focusing on faces. So when she’s not sleeping, hold your face close and feel free to coo away. At birth, the brain is only about 25 percent of its adult weight, and the complex neural networks that form the basis for our skills and memories are just beginning to form. Growth occurs rapidly: By six months the brain is 50 percent of its adult weight; at two years, 75 percent; and at five years, 90 percent of its final weight. At age 10 the figure is 95 percent.
Help your baby develop better hand movements and vision by clapping his hands together and use poetry with rhythm. Over time he’ll try imitating your movements and voice, developing hand-eye coordination and language. Later on, baby will also begin copying your expressions (try to plan movement) . So try holding baby close and sticking out your tongue, opening your mouth wide, or giving baby a big grin. In the next few months, he will start mimicking you!
Your baby may start playing with her hands and swiping at things. Encourage hand-eye coordination by holding colorful rattles and toys up for her to grasp. She will also enjoy lifting her head. Encourage this with tummy playtime. Offer safe mirrors for her to peer in. It’ll inspire her to lift her head even higher to see the adorable face looking back at her.
Social, motor, and language skills are blossoming now. Baby will show emotions by babbling happily when a bright toy appears, or grunting and crying angrily when you take it away. And guess what — baby’s ticklish now! The tickle reflex develops at about his fourteenth week.
Baby’s eyes and ears are starting to work as well as yours do. Baby is also beginning to babble. Try talking back and repeating consonants to help her learn how to communicate (so please filter your communication vocabulary). Repeat words minimum three to four times,…. hand encourage baby when she tries to imitate you. Start reading from books, pointing out objects as you say their name.
Soon baby will learn to sit up and move around. Get him moving by placing him on his belly. Then put a toy on the floor and encourage him to reach for it. Because babies this age put most everything in their mouths, be sure toys are bigger than the inside of a toilet paper tube. And be sure the house is baby-proofed.
Your baby’s hand skills are developing further — and the pincer grasp will develop in the next few months. Stimulate her fine motor skills and coordination by providing small, safe objects to pick up. Plastic measuring spoons or small cups work well. Or sit outside and pick at the grass. At first she’ll grab handfuls, but then become fascinated with — and try to pluck up — single blades.
Time to stimulate baby’s sense of space and word use. First, try giving baby toys that fit inside one another like pots and pans. Or try asking baby, “Where’s your nose?” and pointing to his nose. As you repeat the game, adding body parts, it teaches baby the meaning of words.
Baby may become fascinated with hinged objects and how they work. Watch as she entertains herself with books that have stiff cardboard pages, cabinet doors, boxes with flaps, or toys that pop open. As she opens and closes a box or door — maybe dozens of times — she’s developing hand-eye coordination.
Baby may love finding things that are hidden. Play “Where Did It Go?” to help him develop fine motor skills and the concept of object permanence — that thing don’t go away when he can’t see them. Hide a brightly colored object under a scarf or beneath some sand in a sandbox. Then put baby’s hand over the object and help him uncover it (Helen Keller formula). Soon he’ll find it without help
Keep working on language skills with lots of games and poetry. Language skills develop through human interaction(so always positive interaction) — not through baby DVDs or TV — so talk to baby as often as you can. Tell her what you’re doing, ask questions, and use dramatic gestures and tones. She’s watching and catching on.
Your Baby’s Development
Some babies talk early. Others crawl months before their peers. All babies mature at their own pace. Different development rarely signals something is wrong with baby. If you have any worries, ask your pediatrician. It’s often just normal differences among children. So relax and enjoy your baby’s journey.
The brain develops in an orderly fashion after birth. In the first few months the primary motor area of the cerebral cortex develops rapidly as the infant progresses from involuntary reflexive activity to voluntary control over motor movements. The cortical areas that control vision and hearing develop somewhat more slowly. By three months of age, however, these sensory areas, particularly those controlling visual perception, are more fully developed, so that infants can reach out and touch objects that they see. In the ensuing months, further development and refinement of sensory and motor capabilities are closely linked to changes in the brain and the rest of the nervous system.
From birth (and even before), infants can learn. Newborns can learn to turn their heads to the left or right to receive a sugar solution when their forehead is stroked Given occasional reminders, 3-month-old infants who learn that moving their leg propels a mobile will remember the association for at least a month.
Such learning tends not to persist unless reactivated. Nevertheless, early learning may prepare our brains for those later experiences that we do remember. For example , children who become deaf at age 2, after having been exposed to speech, are later more easily trained in sign language than those deaf from birth. This suggests the first 2 years are critical for learning language.
What is the meaning of above paragraph? There are huge difference between lateral and ill-lateral of medical knowledge of parents, now a day caring / look after of the child is the science, so it’s totally depends on you,….?
2-Development from conception to the end of childhood by CROOKS AND STEIN
3-Psychology by David G.Myers